Exploring and Applying the Lord's Prayer
Lord, Teach Us To Pray

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As we are led into the last of the three great rooms of this royal house of prayer, we find ourselves in an awesome and holy place, a place where we come face to face with both the ecstasy and the anguish of true godliness, a place where heaven touches earth: 'Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven.'

As if the rooms were linked by great double doors, this petition is all of a piece with the one before it: 'Your kingdom come.' It is found in the early texts of Matthew's gospel and in some of those of Luke, and is an outworking of the same principle: that God's rule may be seen as we live in practical obedience to our heavenly Father's instructions and guidance.

How then shall we pray it? How should we apply it to the great sweep of human activity here on earth and also to our own particular circumstances and concerns? We can make this petition on many levels: personally, locally, nationally and internationally. It is a very spacious room and from its windows we can look out and pray for those we love, for our church, for our community, for our land and our world. The great scenes of prayer are all here: 'Your will be done.'

It is a prayer with both an active and a passive side. Actively, we are called to pray for God's overruling hand on the affairs of this world, that his will may be done. Actively, we are challenged to pursue all that is in accordance with his will in our own lives and in the lives of those for whom we are responsible. Passively, we are called to accept what is his will, even when it is to our own personal discomfort or even anguish.

In heaven our Father's will is done gladly, willingly, completely and joyfully - may it be like that on earth. May there be a foretaste, a 'touch of heaven' about our lives, our decisions and our communities here and now under the pressures and in the cut and thrust of earthly living.

Firstly, personally and actively: 'Your will be done. May the way I live, all that I do and say be pleasing before you.'

The Lord is our pattern, he did as he taught. This petition is not just, 'Do what I teach.' He, himself, did it, lived it and fulfilled it: 'My meat and essential food, my first priority is to do the will of him who sent me.' What he said, he said as from the Father. What he did, he did to please his Father.

Here, then, is the all-embracing prayer for those who would follow the Lord Jesus, for those who really want to love God with all their heart and mind and strength.

It is a prayer for every stage of life. When we are young it is our parents who make decisions. So parents might well pray, 'May your will be done as we bring up these little ones, teaching them love, discipline and right from wrong.' As we grow older we start thinking for ourselves about, for example, schools and particular subjects for study and so youngsters and parents, together, begin to share the decisions. 'May your will be done, may your guiding hand be on our thinking.'
      With growing independence, 'Your will be done,' will work itself out in prayers like these:
      'May my relationships with the world around me be honouring before you.'
      'May I view its resources as a trust to be valued, used and handed on, rather than to be selfishly exploited, polluted and destroyed.'
      'May my treatment of animals be kind.'
      'Show me the deep and hidden prejudices of my heart so that my treatment of my fellow human beings from different groups and cultures may be fair and just and pleasing before you.'
      'May I constantly seek to use my days as you would wish me to.'
      'May my work be done in a way that pleases you.'
      'Your will be done, today - even Monday morning! - at work, at college, at home.'
      Work and money, love, sex, marriage, family life and leisure, attitudes to the world and people around us, they are all here! 'Your will be done,'

In the light of scripture, with its warnings, instructions and commands, this petition, 'Your will be done,' enables us to examine ourselves. It is like one of the great wall mirrors so characteristic of stately homes. Here, as it were, is a mirror in which we can look at ourselves as God our heavenly Father sees us. As we look we are brought face to face with a reflection that challenges us and gives us an opportunity to put right each part of our life before him.

Secondly, our Father's will for our lives accepted - the passive aspect of this prayer.

What a marvellous but terrifying pattern was set by the three Old Testament friends of Daniel. As a public test of loyalty to the state, we read that they were required to fall down and worship Nebuchadnezzar's great statue. Although they were the king's loyal subjects, in utter loyalty to the Lord God they were willing to face even death rather than offer such false worship. Their response to the king has much to teach us:

'Our God is able to deliver us from the furnace, and we believe that he will, but if not, let it be known to you that we will not serve your gods or worship the golden image.'

Those three short words, 'But if not,' tell us that their stand was no mere fleeting act of rash bravado but a terrifyingly courageous submission to the will of God, to whom they had pledged their total loyalty. 'But if not,' words echoed by the Lord himself in the garden of Gethsemane as he faced the double agony of the cross. He knew full well that his Father was able to save him from that hour, yet he prayed, 'Nevertheless, your will be done.' As he looked ahead to the agony of the cross, our Lord taught his disciples to pray, 'Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven.' To do his Father's will was his constant aim and joy, as it can be for us, but in Gethsemane it was his agony, his passion.

Jesus, knowingly, set his face to go to Jerusalem. Events did not overtake him, he was not swept by overwhelming circumstances to his death. He came, as he had said, to do his Father's will. From the beginning he had accepted that this would mean his death. On several occasions he had taken the disciples aside to warn them of it, and yet humanly he shrank from it. 'Father, if this cup can pass,' - the agony and the anguish of it - 'let it pass, but if not, may your will be done.' Our Lord accepted his Father's will, submitted to it, despite the suffering.

Locally, we have been called as a church to pray for a whole series of very sick people, called to pray that God in his mercy would restore them to health. In praying that his will be done we have needed to be ready to accept what comes from the hand of our loving heavenly Father, be it life and health or sickness and death.

Humanly, the Lord Jesus shrank from the cross. Humanly, we would hold on to those whom we love. How hard a lesson to learn: 'Nevertheless, your will be done.'

John Calvin as he lay dying said: 'You are slaying me, Lord, yet it is enough for me to know that it is your hand that is slaying me.' Here is the way to pray, passively, 'Your will be done.' For even through sickness and in death we can bring honour to his name.

If we begin to pray it with understanding, we will find this great room of our Lord's Prayer, this petition, distinctly challenging and uncomfortable. It has within it a great reforming principle which, if really worked out rather than just repeated, will change our thinking, change our speaking and our way of living. It will begin to make us Christ-like, holy.

'Heavenly Father your will be done, may we not only hear the beautiful words of this prayer, but follow them, obey them, shape our living and our dying by them.'


'My meat is to do the will' - John 4:34
'Our God is able' - Daniel 3:16&17
'Nevertheless, your will be done' - Luke 22:39-42


1 What is meant by the active and the passive sides to this petition?
2 In what sense is the petition, 'Your will be done,' the all embracing prayer for disciples?
3 In what ways does the petition touch our everyday living?
4 How hard is it to accept the will of our heavenly Father when it is not to our comfort or to the comfort of those we love?
5 How much is the petition, 'Your will be done,' reflected in our Lord's own life, ministry and death?
6 To what extent should this petition shape our own living and dying?


Download and listen to the audio podcast of this extractYour will be done on earth, continued . . . the great principle of godly government 

As we look at this petition, we must begin and end with personal holiness of living. And yet, perhaps, like a guest in a great house, caught and challenged by our reflection in a large mirror we move rapidly out of its range to the comfort of a window where we can look out on the world. To view the world is far less personal and far less threatening!

Clearly, in heaven God's will is done willingly, gladly and joyfully. May it be like that upon earth. May our national and international policies, laws and treaties be godly. May they have about them a touch of heaven.

The apostle Paul urges us to pray widely and especially for kings and those in authority. When we hear that leaders of great nations are meeting to work out treaties, to hammer out understandings, or to work for a common approach to a rising evil - we are to pray. We are to pray that the Lord's will might be done; that the agreements might be just and based on honesty and integrity and that they might be pleasing before Almighty God.

Our heavenly Father is able to overrule the activities of quite unbelieving men and women. In the Old Testament we read of Cyrus, who cared nothing for God, and yet he was God's chosen instrument. It is not Washington, Beijing, Moscow or any other human power centre that is in ultimate control. It is the Sovereign Lord who is in control. As Nebuchadnezzar had so painfully to learn, 'The Most High God rules in the affairs of mankind.' He is God; he reigns.

We are called to pray, 'Your will be done, knowingly or unknowingly, in international affairs.' So, read the newspapers, watch the TV and pray, 'Your will be done on earth.'

We live in a fallen world where, from time to time, men and women of fearful ambition will arise to crush and conquer those around them. We are only safe when the godly are most mighty. We are only safe when the greatest power is in the hands of godly people and godly nations. Only then can wild and destructive men be restrained. Only then can we live in safety, for, although they may make many mistakes, godly men and women can be trusted to use their power against an oppressor and trusted also not to use it for aggression.

Thank God for the peace we enjoy and pray for godly government and godly ways at every level of society. For on God, and on his good hand on all those entrusted with authority, depends the well-being of our nation and, indeed, of our world.

Archbishop Thomas Cranmer and his fellow compilers, with brilliant spiritual insight, taught us to pray for those in high government office just along these lines. He taught us to pray that they might faithfully and impartially administer justice to the the restraining of all that is evil or corrupting and for the support and encouragement of all that is godly and excellent.

That they may truly and indifferently minister justice to the punishment of wickedness and vice and to the maintenance of thy true religion and virtue.

The old words sound hard in our day, and yet they carry the seed of all that it means to really pray, 'Your will be done,' throughout every level of society.

Modern thinking concerning government is that it should be morally neutral, not adjusting punishments and rewards to restrain evil and corruption and promote good and godly things, but simply to provide the necessary support to enable its citizens to enjoy a free choice of lifestyle, godly or ungodly, moral or corrupt. As a direct result of abandoning the biblical perspective of the God-given privilege and responsibility of government, well intentioned modern governments actually find themselves presiding over the moral collapse of society.

We need to recapture the biblical perspective so beautifully taught in these few words; words from the prayer for the church in the 1662 Book of Common Prayer - a prayer all but forgotten by the modern church.

It takes some unpacking because both the language and the times have changed. The little word 'truly' carries with it the biblical understanding that those set in any position of authority are answerable to God for their decisions and actions. We are not free agents in a position of power by chance, there to deliver our own opinions and do what we will. We are agents of God, put in that position of authority to look after the best interests of those for whom we are responsible. Here is a prayer that those placed by God in any position of authority might discharge that responsibility faithfully before him.

When we use the word 'indifferent' we mean we do not care either way about some matter. But in Cranmer's day it meant even-handedness, showing no difference between rich and poor, strong and weak as justice is administered. It is a prayer for fairness, impartiality and equity. And rightly so, for always the temptation is to be partial; to have one kind of justice for the prince and quite another for the pauper. The temptation is to caution the well-spoken driver of an expensive car and fine the leather-clad motor cyclist. There is great pressure to take note, as we are wined and dined, of the skilful presentation of the powerful business concern but overlook the simple letter of an ordinary person who is being crushed or abused by that concern in its pursuit of financial gain.

Here is a prayer that those appointed to administer justice might do so impartially before God.

'To the punishment of wickedness and vice.' That sounds harsh to our ears, and perhaps 'punishment' is too narrow. However, one purpose of government is to restrain evil; to associate some kind of high cost with wrong doing and so make evil more difficult to practise. This can certainly be done by fining or locking people up. But it can also be done by the passing of laws which so balance the rewards as to make it less desirable to practise life styles that would, directly or indirectly, wreck or undermine society. Here is a great principle of government: to restrain evil.

And vice? Vice is all that would corrupt and break down our society, all that would undermine godly living. The words 'vice' and 'corruption' have almost lost their meaning in our tolerant but ungodly society where all kinds of morality and immorality are accepted side by side.

But in our pursuit of individual, adult freedom are we not increasingly in danger of failing to protect vulnerable groups? We have, for example, all but removed legal protection for the unborn child. We are in danger of repealing laws that would protect young people from sexual abuse. And by allowing parenting partnerships to become so casual, we have exposed a great many young people to abuse either in the home or, as they flee from it, on the streets. Those in high places are called to restrain those who would exploit others and to protect the vulnerable.

'And to the maintenance of thy true religion and virtue.' There is a negative, restraining role of government and there is also the positive encouraging maintaining and supporting role, the helping forward of everything that is truly good and godly. Not, notice, necessarily the support of great church schemes and structures but rather the maintaining of true faith and godliness among the people.

The role of government is also to support and encourage all that is good and excellent, noble and true in society. It is to support and help forward the best, for example, of business practice, medical practice and educational practice as well as to support the best in social practice and family life.

There are godly members in our Parliament who realise that the traditional family, the key building block of any society, is under great pressure, is penalised rather than supported by our tax and benefit laws. They are concerned about it because it will undermine society, and so they work and speak to put this right. Thank God for such men and women.

      'Your will be done in terms of our national laws.'

But it comes closer to home than this, for most of us will find ourselves, at one time or another, in some position of authority where we must 'govern' in the broadest sense of this word. We govern as we play our part looking after a younger brother or sister, as a parent in the home, as a committee member, teacher, leader, shop-steward or manager. In each situation we are called to be faithful and impartial and to do all in our power to restrain evil and promote good and godly ways.

And so finally, to the root and source of the whole matter: 'Your will be done in our own lives.' We begin and end here because, frankly, this is the most difficult. Here, within ourselves is the primary battle. Only by the grace of God and the work of the Holy Spirit in our lives can we begin to swim against the tide of human nature and live a life that pleases him, or even wish to do so.

Are we willing, publicly, to stand against all that is evil; all that would undermine or corrupt, and to promote and support all that is godly, honourable and excellent? Are we willing, privately, for his holy ways to control our own living and speaking: at home, at leisure and in our business, social and political lives? Do we really want his will to be done on earth as it is in heaven?

The Lord's Prayer is perhaps not the charming prayer we thought it was! Whatever our position in society, it is an invitation to walk, from time to time, in very uncomfortable places!

'Father, grant us grace, wisdom and courage to stand for you. May "your will be done" not only by our passive acceptance of your will but also by our active standing against evil, and by our pursuing of all that would bring glory to your name and of all that would further the well-being of those around us.'


Pray for kings and those in authority - 1 Timothy 2 :1&2
Cyrus, God's servant - Isaiah 45:1-6
'The Most High God rules' - Daniel 4:24&25


1 How important is it for disciples to read the newspapers or watch the news and pray, 'Your will be done'?
2 What lesson did Nebuchadnezzar have to learn?
3 'We are only safe when the godly are most mighty.' What happens when evil people are most mighty: a) in the household, b) in the classroom, c) in the neighbourhood, d) in the courts of law, e) in the nation, f) in the world?
4 Do modern governments pass laws that steadily restrain evil and promote good?
5 Can you think of groups of vulnerable people who need to be protected by law?
6 If a government aims to maintain godliness is there a distinction to be drawn between upholding 'church institutions' and promoting true godliness of living? (Could this have been the basis the clash between the scribes and pharisees and Jesus?)
7 Can rewards and penalties be rightly used to encourage good and godly ways?
8 There are many levels at which we can be given authority, called to 'govern' - from looking after a younger brother for half an hour to being a world statesman. At what levels of 'government' are we personally involved? Can the principles set out in this study be applied to each level?
9 It is not popular to think of governing and restraining ourselves. However, do disciples of Christ need to recognise their weaknesses and by the grace of God be restrained gossips, thieves, cheats, liars, adulterers etc.? For by nature are we not capable of such things?

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